Do you know what that means? It is important to know the difference. A misdemeanor is a crime punishable by up to one (1) year in the county jail. A felony is a crime for which an individual can be punished with at least one year in the Missouri Department of Corrections, if convicted. In other words, a felony charge is more severe than a misdemeanor charge. Missouri classifies crimes within each category according to letter grades based on severity. Each classification carries a maximum possible sentence, and these classifications are set by state legislature.